Characteristics and care of Bougainvillea - Bougainvillea glabra
Named after the 18th century French admiral De Bougainville, this beautiful climbing shrub comes from Brazil and belongs to the Nictagináceae family.
They form a species of seven or eight shrubs or small trees that produce a very showy flower and that, depending on the species, adopt one or another color.
The bougainvilleas fthey bloom abundantly all summer long and in some warm places like southern Spain it is possible to see them in bloom even in winter. They are ideal plants to cover a wall or a wall since they can reach between 3 and 4 meters in height and their length can cover up to 8 meters, as long as they are planted in the ground and outdoors in a warm climate. Planted in pots, they do not exceed a meter and a half.
Bougainvillea, contrary to popular opinion, needs a lot of sunlight and the more direct the better, otherwise they lose their leaves and the following summer they do not bloom. They manage to survive at low temperatures down to 6 or 7º where they lose their leaves until next spring. In summer they endure very high temperatures, above 30º. They are plants that, well cared for, can live up to 30 years when planted in the ground, however in a pot it is difficult for them to exceed 5 years.
Some very basic tips to take care of a Bougainvillea:
If they are planted in a greenhouse box, they can grow to 3 to 4 meters. Inside the home they are usually planted in 12 cm pots where the plant usually reaches 38 to 46 cm
Light and temperature
Bougainvillea needs a lot of sunlight if it does not lose its leaves and the following summer does not bloom. They manage to survive at low temperatures down to 6 or 7 ºC where the leaves lose until next spring. In summer they hold up to a maximum of 21ºC.
The flowers bloom throughout the summer season.
During the summer they should be watered three times a week. In winter it is enough to keep the soil moist and they are compatible with lime so they like tap water.
It is not necessary to clean the plant.
It is recommended to add liquid fertilizer to the water every 14 days but only half the recommended dose.
Common problems in the care of bungavilla and solutions:
The leaves fall
It is normal in winter when the plant rests take it to a warmer place.
The plant is poorly developed
Too much darkness and / or too much.
The leaves of the plant turn yellow and fall, they have cobwebs underneath
The plant has red spider mites. Spray it with derris, malatation, or insecticide.
Leaves turn yellow
The plant has excess moisture, it is recommended that you make sure it has a good drainage layer. Let it dry until it has recovered.
Small new leaves
The plant needs compost.
White, cottony spots appear on the leaves
The plant has serous bugs. Remove them one by one with a cotton swab dipped in methyl alcohol.
The leaves and flowers dry out and fall only leaving the bracts
The plant has excess heat and / or dryness.
The plant does not bloom
The plant is too dark and has poor ventilation or overwatering. It is recommended that the plant be taken to a more airy and illuminated place. If it is wet, let it dry until it recovers.
It is recommended that you purchase a flexible or wire rod and attach each tip to the ends of the pot. Carefully roll up the stems, trying not to damage the leaves or stem. If necessary use a twine twine to hold the stem.
It is recommended to take a stem and bury it in the middle at the beginning of June. It should not be watered a lot and it is recommended that it receive plenty of sunlight.
Bougainvilleas should be pruned in February to decrease their size and encourage more solid development. Cut the growing tips so that only 5 to 7 cm of young shoot remains.
- Photos bougainvillea
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